Electrocardiographic changes in patients with pre-eclampsia

ECG changes in pre-eclampsia

  • Bidyarani Loukrakpam Regional Institute of Medical Sciences
  • Laishram Geetanjali Regional Institute of Medical Sciences
  • O. Puinabati Luikham Regional Institute of Medical Sciences
  • Sanjoy K. Shylla Regional Institute of Medical Sciences
Keywords: ECG, Pre-eclampsia, QRS, QTc, Sokolow-Lyon index

Abstract

Pre-eclampsia is a hypertensive disorder of pregnancy that is associated with elevated maternal risk for cardiovascular disease. Electrocardiographic (ECG) changes in pre-eclampsia have been documented in some studies. Electrocardiography has recently emerged as a useful tool to evaluate cardiovascular complication during and after pregnancy. The present study was therefore undertaken to find out electrocardiographic changes in pre-eclamptic women, visiting Regional Institute of Medical Sciences, Manipur. The aim of this study was to determine the electrocardiographic changes in both pre-eclampsia and age matched normotensive pregnant women. In this study, 25 pregnant women (gestational age >20 weeks) with pre-eclampsia in the range of 18 to 45 years of age were recruited and compared with the equal number of age matched normotensive pregnant women. ECG parameters of pre-eclamptic women were compared with those of normotensive pregnant women. The data were then analyzed using SPSS software. Pre-eclamptic women showed significantly longer QRS (0.10±0.02 sec vs 0.09±0.05 sec), prolonged QT (0.401±0.03 sec vs 0.365±0.003sec) and QTc (457.73±37 msec vs 416.47± 25.4 msec) than control group. The study shows that electrocardiography can be used to evaluate cardiovascular risk in pre-eclamptic women.

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Author Biographies

Bidyarani Loukrakpam, Regional Institute of Medical Sciences

Department of Physiology

Laishram Geetanjali, Regional Institute of Medical Sciences

Department of Physiology

O. Puinabati Luikham, Regional Institute of Medical Sciences

Professor, Department of Physiology

Sanjoy K. Shylla, Regional Institute of Medical Sciences

Department of Physiology

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Figure 1
Published
2019-03-22
How to Cite
1.
Loukrakpam B, Geetanjali L, Luikham O, Shylla S. Electrocardiographic changes in patients with pre-eclampsia. Annals of Medical Physiology [Internet]. 22Mar.2019 [cited 23Jul.2019];3(1):10-3. Available from: http://amphysiol.com/index.php/amp/article/view/v3i1.26774
Section
Original Research Articles